PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUES

Human case of Tularemia reported in Colorado

Larimer County, CO health officials confirmed the first human case of tularemia in a county resident in 2018. The patient developed swollen lymph nodes, and may have been exposed while gardening at home. Soil can be contaminated by tularemia-causing bacteria from the droppings or urine of sick animals, most often rabbits. When a person mows, …

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Measles cases on the rise in England

Health officials in England report more measles cases in the current outbreak, 170 additional cases in the past five weeks. This brings the total to 757 laboratory confirmed measles cases in England since the beginning of the year. This includes 268 cases in London. In addition, the South-East (161), South-West (118), West Midlands (85) and …

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The outbreak of Norovirus at Shanghai university, China

  Health officials in Yangpu District, Shanghai are reporting a norovirus outbreak that sickened some forty students at the University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, according to a local media report. Norovirus was confirmed by laboratory testing in both vomit and feces samples. The university said it has disinfected all canteens, classrooms, dormitories and …

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Campylobacter cases increase in New Zealand

  Officials with Nelson Marlborough Health are reporting an increase in campylobacteriosis cases during the past month. 24 cases have been notified to the Medical Officer of Health in the past four weeks, compared to a range of 6-16 cases in the same period over the previous five years. A number of known risk factors …

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Wisconsin reports 1st documented Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever death

On Tuesday, Wisconsin state health officials and the La Crosse County Health Department announced the first documented death from Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) in the state. “We are saddened to learn of this death and encourage Wisconsin residents to take steps to protect themselves and their families from tick bites while enjoying the outdoors,” …

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Schistosoma researchers ‘ah-ha’ moment – Outbreak News Today

    The parasitic disease schistosomiasis is one of the developing world’s worst public health scourges, affecting hundreds of millions of people, yet only a single, limited treatment exists to combat the disease. Researchers at the Morgridge Institute for Research are searching for potential new targets by probing the cellular and developmental biology of its …

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Update on Ukraine measles and diphtheria outbreak

    Measles Ukrainian health officials recorded an additional 1,021 measles cases in the past week, bringing the total cases for the year to 25,008. Of this total, 10,085 adults and 14,923 children have been affected. Most people suffered from measles in Lviv (only 4412 people: 1377 adults and 3035 children), Transcarpathian (total 2840 people: …

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Antibiotics: FDA updates warnings for fluoroquinolones

  The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today is requiring safety labeling changes for a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones to strengthen the warnings about the risks of mental health side effects and serious blood sugar disturbances, and make these warnings more consistent across the labeling for all fluoroquinolones taken by mouth or given by …

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Advise on safer sex practices, testing as syphilis numbers rise

    The Saint Louis County Department of Public Health is emphasizing the importance of sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention and testing as reports of syphilis rise in the county. “Safer sex practices are vital for preventing the contraction and spread of syphilis and other STIs,” said Dr. Fredrick Echols, Director of Communicable Disease Control …

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The effect of Pertussis type of vaccine on immune response

The current whooping cough vaccine was universally adopted in the US in 1996 to replace the original vaccine based on killed Bordetella pertussis because of a stronger safety profile. The new formulation was found to be effective in preventing whooping cough during vulnerable stages in the lifespan but the kind of pertussis vaccine used to …

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Switzerland reports increased numbers of tick-borne encephalitis, Lyme disease cases so far in 2018

The Swiss Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) reported recently on the tick-borne disease situation in the country (computer translated), and the data shows that case numbers of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and acute Lyme disease are up during the first half of the year, prompting health officials to talk to the …

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Florida reports dramatic increase in Eastern Equine Encephalitis this year

On July 3, the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) reported on the following: The Florida Department of Agriculture has reported the following 14 confirmed cases of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) occurred in June, 2018. 14 cases in just one month. Image/markusspiske It has been a very heavy year for “Triple E” …

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Measles case confirmed in Snohomish County, Washington

Health officials in Snohomish County, WA have confirmed a measles infection in a member of a large group of foreign minors visiting multiple states in the U.S. as a part of a summer program. The Snohomish Health District’s Communicable Disease and Surveillance team is also monitoring the health status of other …

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Maryland reports Vibriosis cases linked to Venezuelan crab meat

Maryland health officials released the following statement concerning Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections linked to imported crab meat from Venezuela: Maryland map/National Atlas of the United States “The Department is investigating a cluster of Vibrio infections in individuals who reported eating “fresh” (non-pasteurized) crab meat—from a plastic tub—with a label indicating that it …

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Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) torment Nigeria

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has scaled up support to help the Nigerian government eliminate over 20 Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) that remain endemic in the country. The projects are meant to help the country achieve the goals set in its 2012 NTD roadmap which prioritized 3 diseases for control, 5 for elimination and 2 …

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Hepatitis E outbreak spreads in Namibia

At least 15 people have died and 1,569 have contracted Hepatitis E in Namibia since the disease outbreak was confirmed in the capital Windhoek in December 2017. According to information from the Ministry of Health, the deceased included six pregnant women among other categories from the Havana and Goreangab informal settlements. The outbreak has since …

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Rift Valley fever outbreak in western Uganda

Rift Valley fever (RVF) cases have simultaneously been confirmed in two districts in the western region of Uganda, with further investigation of another case in third district going on. The first case-patient was a 47-year-old male from Kanyatsi village in Munkunyu sub-county, Kasese District, whose main occupation was as a butcher. He fell ill on …

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Routine Immunization Schedule in Uganda rolled out Rotavaccine

  The Government of Uganda has rolled out Rotavirus vaccine into the Routine Immunization Schedule to protect children under five years of age from diarrhea. This is the 11th vaccine that is provided free to infants and children at all health facilities and selected community outreaches within the country. The organism’s characteristic wheel-like appearance under …

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Rad Cat raw pet food recalled due to bacterial pathogens

  Radagast Pet Food, Inc. of Portland, OR is recalling three lots of Rad Cat Raw Diet Free-Range Chicken Recipe because testing results indicate they have the potential to be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. The Company is also recalling one lot of Rad Cat Raw Diet Pasture-Raised Venison Recipe because testing results indicate it has …

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Understanding Global Health

The terms “public health,” “international health,” and “tropical medicine” are often used interchangeably with “global health,” so it is no wonder that there has been confusion as to what “global health” actually means. Recently, professionals in the field of global health have acknowledged the importance of defining this term succinctly, though this has proven difficult …

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