Malaria Prevention which is neglected by many is very essential, as malaria is still one of the leading causes of childhood death particularly in developing nations. Malaria can be prevented by using the A, B, C and D (awareness, bite avoidance, chemo-prophylaxis and diagnosis) approach, as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO documented that in 2016, more than 285,000 children died before their fifth birthday due to malaria in Africa. Also the disease accounts for 20% of all childhood death as a child dies every 45 seconds in Africa.
In malaria endemic areas like Nigeria, one practical public health strategy in preventing malaria especially among children is INTERMITTENT PREVENTIVE TREATMENT(IPT) also known as chemoprophylaxis. This is used to treat all children for malaria at regular interval regardless of whether they are infected or not. WHO recommends IPT with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPT-SP) in areas with moderate to high malaria transmission, however is advised to seek the attention of your Doctor before taking up any chemoprophylaxis.
Awareness of the risk of malaria should be made known to parents. They should consult their primary healthcare practitioner, to receive counselling on the measures that can be taken to prevent acquiring malaria.